Find Commands

find . -type f -exec grep -il ‘foo’ {} \;

==> “.” means “look in the current directory”
==> “-type f” means “look in files only”
==> “-exec grep -il foo” means “search for the string ‘foo’ in a case-insensitive manner, and return the matching line and filename when a match is found
==>  “{} \;” is some bizarre find syntax that you need to add to the end of your find command whenever you add the -exec option

 Command used to list the files, uploaded or modified in last 2 days

find . -ctime -2

find command:
find command:

Find man page

Form of command: find path operators


* Search and list all files from current directory and down for the string ABC:
find ./ -name “*” -exec grep -H ABC {} \;
find ./ -type f -print | xargs grep -H “ABC” /dev/null
egrep -r ABC *

* Find all files of a given type from current directory on down:
find ./ -name “*.conf” -print

* Find all user files larger than 5Mb:
find /home -size +5000000c -print

* Find all files owned by a user (defined by user id number. see /etc/passwd) on the system: (could take a very long time)
find / -user 501 -print

* Find all files created or updated in the last five minutes: (Great for finding effects of make install)
find / -cmin -5

* Find all users in group 20 and change them to group 102: (execute as root)
find / -group 20 -exec chown :102 {} \;

* Find all suid and setgid executables:
find / \( -perm -4000 -o -perm -2000 \) -type f -exec ls -ldb {} \;
find / -type f -perm +6000 -ls

Note: suid executable binaries are programs which switch to root privileges to perform their tasks. These are created by applying a “sticky” bit: chmod +s. These programs should be watched as they are often the first point of entry for hackers. Thus it is prudent to run this command and remove the “sticky” bits from executables which either won’t be used or are not required by users. chmod -s filename

* Find all world writable directories:
find / -perm -0002 -type d -print

* Find all world writable files:
find / -perm -0002 -type f -print
find / -perm -2 ! -type l -ls

* Find files with no user:
find / -nouser -o -nogroup -print

* Find files modified in the last two days:
find / -mtime 2 -o -ctime 2

* Compare two drives to see if all files are identical:
find / -path /proc -prune -o -path /new-disk -prune -o -xtype f -exec cmp {} /new-disk{} \;


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